Calcium binding and disulfide bonds regulate the stability of Secretagogin towards thermal and urea denaturation

Kalyani Sanagavarapu, Tanja Weiffert, Niamh Ní Mhurchú, David O'Connell, Sara Linse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Secretagogin is a calcium-sensor protein with six EF-hands. It is widely expressed in neurons and neuro-endocrine cells of a broad range of vertebrates including mammals, fishes and amphibia. The protein plays a role in secretion and interacts with several vesicle-associated proteins. In this work, we have studied the contribution of calcium binding and disulfide-bond formation to the stability of the secretagogin structure towards thermal and urea denaturation. SDS-PAGE analysis of secretagogin in reducing and non-reducing conditions identified a tendency of the protein to form dimers in a redox-dependent manner. The denaturation of apo and Calcium-loaded secretagogin was studied by circular dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopy under conditions favoring monomer or dimer or a 1:1 monomer: dimer ratio. This analysis reveals significantly higher stability towards urea denaturation of Calcium-loaded secretagogin compared to the apo protein. The secondary and tertiary structure of the Calcium-loaded form is not completely denatured in the presence of 10 M urea. Reduced and Calcium-loaded secretagogin is found to refold reversibly after heating to 95°C, while both oxidized and reduced apo secretagogin is irreversibly denatured at this temperature. Thus, calcium binding greatly stabilizes the structure of secretagogin towards chemical and heat denaturation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0165709
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 1

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

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