Calculation and measurements of absorbed dose in total body irradiation

Gudrun Svahn-Tapper, Per Nilsson, Christel Jönsson, Thor Alvegård

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A method which is simple, reliable, and rapid to use in clinical routine for basic dose calculation in total body irradiation (TBI) has been tested with 8 MV x-rays. The dosimetry follows, as far as possible, national and international recommendations for conventional radiotherapy. The dose rate at different locations and depths is calculated from the absorbed dose rate at dose maximum for a phantom size of 30 x 30 x 30 cm in the TBI field (Dc), an inverse square law factor (SAD2/SPD2), the tissue-maximum ratio (TMR), an equivalent phantom and patient size correction factor (A), a factor for lack of back-scattering material (B), an off-axis output correction factor (O), and a factor that corrects for off-axis variations in effective photon beam energy and for oblique beam penetration of the patient (R). The collimator opening is constant for all patient sizes. It is shown that TMR, A, B and R can be measured in conventional geometry in ordinary phantoms but at an extended distance, while Dc, O and SAD2/SPD2 must be measured in TBI geometry. Tests in Humanoid phantoms showed an agreement in measured and planned AP/2 doses of 2% or better. If the calculation method is used for lower photon energies or in other TBI geometries it may be necessary to correct for the elliptical shape of the patient and for back-scattered radiation from the walls or floor.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-633
JournalActa Oncologica
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Cancer and Oncology

Free keywords

  • leukaemia
  • 8 MV x-rays
  • radiotherapy
  • Total body irradiation
  • dosimetry
  • bone marrow transplantation

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