Calculations of the deposition of 137Cs from nuclear bomb tests and from the Chernobyl accident over the province of Skåne in the southern part of Sweden based on precipitation

Isaksson Mats, Bengt Erlandsson, Maj-Lena Linderson

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15 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

The deposition of 137Cs over the province of Ska>ne (an area of about 100]100 km2) in the southern part of Sweden has been investigated. The origin of the deposition of 137Cs is, in about equal parts, from nuclear weapons tests and from the Chernobyl nuclear accident and amounts to about 1}3 kBq/m2. The activity concentrations of 134Cs and 137Cs in soil samples from 16 sites distributed in a grid pattern over the investigated area have been measured and the depositions from the nuclear weapons tests and from the Chernobyl accident have been separated. These pre- and post Chernobyl activities have been compared with depositions calculated from measurements of the activity concentrations of 134Cs and 137Cs in precipitation at two places and from measurements of the precipitation from a network of between 113 and 143 precipitation stations. Comparisons with in situ measurements and with aerial survey measurements have also been made. The agreement is good and it has been possible to gain a good and detailed knowledge in retrospect of the deposition from measurements of the deposition per mm of precipitation from just a few stations, and of the precipitation from a network of stations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-112
JournalJournal of Environmental Radioactivity
Volume49
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Environmental Sciences

Keywords

  • deposition
  • precipitation
  • radiocaesium
  • 137Cs
  • global fallout
  • Chernobyl fallout

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