Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Diabetes—A Comprehensive Review

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Abstract

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common compression neuropathy in the general population and is frequently encountered among individuals with type 1 and 2 diabetes. The reason(s) why a peripheral nerve trunk in individuals with diabetes is more susceptible to nerve compression is still not completely clarified, but both biochemical and structural changes in the peripheral nerve are probably implicated. In particular, individuals with neuropathy, irrespective of aetiology, have a higher risk of peripheral nerve compression disorders, as reflected among individuals with diabetic neuropathy. Diagnosis of CTS in individuals with diabetes should be carefully evaluated; detailed case history, thorough clinical examination, and electrophysiological examination is recommended. Individuals with diabetes and CTS benefit from surgery to the same extent as otherwise healthy individuals with CTS. In the present review, we describe pathophysiological aspects of the nerve compression disorder CTS in relation to diabetes, current data contributing to the explanation of the increased risk for CTS in individuals with diabetes, as well as diagnostic methods, treatment options, and prognosis of CTS in diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1674
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar 1

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Orthopedics
  • Endocrinology and Diabetes

Keywords

  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Diabetes
  • Diabetic neuropathy

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