CFD Simulation of Biomass Combustion in an Industrial Circulating Fluidized Bed Furnace

Miao Yang, Shenghui Zhong, Shijie Xu, Leilei Xu, Peter Ottosson, Hesameddin Fatehi, Xue Song Bai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, a three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model is employed to investigate the hydrodynamic and combustion characteristics of biomass particles in an industrial-scale circulating fluidized bed (CFB) furnace. The CFD model considered here is based on the Eulerian-Lagrangian framework, the multi-phase particle-in-cell (MP-PIC) collision model, the coarse grain method (CGM), and a recently developed distribution kernel method (DKM). The challenge of simulating industrial-scale CFB furnaces using CFD lies in the large number of particles in the system. MP-PIC and CGM showed that local particle overloading could occur, causing the numerical simulation to diverge. The combination of MP-PIC with CGM and DKM was shown to overcome this problem. The CFD predictions werecompared with onsite temperature experiments in the furnace, and the predicted furnace temperature agreed fairly well with the measured data. Using the CFD results, the study analyzed the transient solids mixing and fluidization characteristics, as well as the thermochemical process in biomass combustion. The simulated individual particle provided insight into the physical and chemical processes of the granular flow in the dilute/dense regions of the CFB furnace. The simulated results revealed the CO and NOx emission processes in the furnace.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3310-3340
Number of pages31
JournalCombustion Science and Technology
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Energy Engineering

Free keywords

  • CFD simulation
  • combustion
  • formation and emission of pollutants
  • Hydrodynamic
  • industrial-scale CFB


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