Characteristic modes – progress, overview, and emerging topics

Buon Kiong Lau, Miloslav Capek, Ahmed M. Hassan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Over the past decade, characteristic mode analysis (CMA) research has grown from a niche topic to a mainstream topic, warranting a tutorial-style special issue to survey the significant progress that has been made in this field. In this
introductory article (PAPER 1), the focus is on providing the big picture. We start with a simple description of characteristic modes. Next, we examine the trends in this field, followed by providing further insights into CMA’s historical development. We will also address common myths surrounding the subject. Then, leaving the detailed coverage of major topics to the following papers, we summarize recent applications of CMA in scattering and other emerging topics. Finally, we conclude with some future perspectives on this field.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-22
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Apr

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Communication Systems
  • Computer Science


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