Characterization of a glutamate biosensor based on a novel glutamate oxidase integrated into a redox hydrogel

E Mikeladze, Alexandra Collins, M Sukhacheva, A Netrusov, Elisabeth Csöregi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

A newly isolated and purified glutamate oxidase was used to construct amperometric biosensors for glutamate monitoring. The enzyme-producing microorganism belongs to the genus of Streptomyces - Streptomyces sp. Z-11-6 - and is capable of producing extracellular L-glutamate oxidase. The microorganism was obtained by mutagenesis with HNo2 from a parent strain isolated from soil of Lypetskaya region, Russia, followed by conventional screening methods. The developed biosensor is based on a coupled enzyme system (glutamate oxidase and horseradish peroxidase), the enzymes being crosslinked to a redox polymer (PVI19-dmeOs) using poly(ethylene glycol) diglycidyl ether as crosslinker. ne characteristics of the obtained biosensors were compared with those obtained for similarly constructed electrodes based on a commercially available glutamate oxidase from Yamasa Corp., Japan. The biosensors were operated at - 50 mV (vs. Ag/AgCl 0.1 M KCl) in a flow injection system. Special attention has been focused on the selectivity of the biosensors, evaluating their responses in the presence of several potentially interfering substances, possibly present in brain microdialysates (ascorbic acid, aspartate, cysteine, dopamine, DOPAC, GABA, glutamine, glycine, 5-HIAA, HMPG, HVA, serotonin, tryptophan, tyrosine and uric acid). The biosensors based on the two enzymes displayed similar bioanalytical characteristics but different selectivity patterns.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1052-1059
JournalElectroanalysis
Volume14
Issue number15-16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Bibliographical note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Department of Chemistry (011001220), Analytical Chemistry (S/LTH) (011001004)

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Chemical Sciences

Keywords

  • novel glutamate oxidase
  • biosensor
  • selectivity

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