cDNAs encoding PDE3 [cGMP-inhibited cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (cGI PDE)] isoforms, cGIP1 and cGIP2, have been cloned from rat (R) and human (H) cDNA libraries. The deduced amino acid sequences of RcGIP1 and HcGIP2 are very similar in their conserved catalytic domains but differ in their N-terminal regulatory domains [Meacci, E., et al. (1992) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 89, 3721-3725; Taira, M., et al. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 18573-18579]. cDNAs encoding both rat adipocyte RcGIP1 and human myocardial HcGIP2 (full-length forms and truncated forms lacking much of the putative N-terminal domain) were expressed in NIH 3006 fibroblasts and in Sf9 insect cells. The recombinant proteins exhibited the expected subunit molecular mass, immunologic reactivities, and characteristics of native membrane-associated forms of the enzymes, e.g., high affinity for cAMP (Km), sensitivity to the selective cGI PDE inhibitors OPC 3689 and OPC 3911 and to cGMP. The full-length recombinants were predominantly particulate, whereas the truncated HcGIP2 forms were cytosolic suggesting that N-terminal domains contain structural determinants important for membrane association. Both fibroblast RcGIP1 and authentic adipocyte cGI PDE were phosphorylated in vitro by cAMP-dependent protein kinase; tryptic [32P]peptides released from rat adipocyte 32P-cGI PDE and 32P-RcGIP1 exhibited identical electrophoretic profiles suggesting that the same peptides are phosphorylated in both.
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Biochemistry and Molecular Biology