Child-Friendly Environments—What, How and by Whom?

Märit Jansson, Emma Herbert, Alva Zalar, Maria Johansson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The socio-physical qualities of built environments are, in several ways, of imperative importance for children growing up. The Child-Friendly Cities initiative by UNICEF, an implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, has made local governments strive toward child-friendliness. The participation of children and young people is often the focus of such projects, with a potential for a far broader scope. Besides participation processes, what important socio-physical qualities make environments child-friendly, and how can they be developed? This paper presents a structured literature review of the concept of child-friendly environments, in order to address the full socio-physical spectrum. The results focus on concrete factors that have been filtered through child-friendliness and the associated frameworks, showing an inherent dependence between the social context and the physical environment. The shaping of child-friendliness hinges on the realization of environments that are safe, fair, and with accessible and variable green and open spaces. A multi-stakeholder endeavor including, e.g., planners, designers, and managers requires clearly outlined priorities. This study lays the groundwork for further exploration of how the concept of child-friendly environments can lead to positive changes, also as part of the overall strive toward sustainable development.
Original languageEnglish
Article number14(8)
Number of pages26
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Apr 18

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Landscape Architecture
  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary


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