## Abstract

We study a network of three populations of coupled phase oscillators with identical frequencies. The populations interact nonlocally, in the sense that all oscillators are coupled to one another, but more weakly to those in neighboring populations than to those in their own population. Using this system as a model system, we discuss for the first time the influence of network topology on the existence of so-called chimera states. In this context, the network with three populations represents an interesting case because the populations may either be connected as a triangle, or as a chain, thereby representing the simplest discrete network of either a ring or a line segment of oscillator populations. We introduce a special parameter that allows us to study the effect of breaking the triangular network structure, and to vary the network symmetry continuously such that it becomes more and more chain-like. By showing that chimera states only exist for a bounded set of parameter values, we demonstrate that their existence depends strongly on the underlying network structures, and conclude that chimeras exist on networks with a chain-like character.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 043122 |

Journal | Chaos |

Volume | 20 |

Issue number | 4 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 2010 Dec 30 |

Externally published | Yes |

### Bibliographical note

Funding Information:This research was supported in part by NSF (Grant Nos. DMS-0412757 and CCF 0835706). I would like to thank Steve Strogatz for helpful discussions and advice throughout the scope of this project, and F. Schittler-Neves, G. Bordyugov, and A. Pikovsky for valuable discussions.

Copyright:

Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

## Subject classification (UKÄ)

- Mathematics
- Physical Sciences