CHOP is superior to CNOP in elderly patients with aggressive lymphoma while outcome is unaffected by filgrastim treatment: results of a Nordic Lymphoma Group randomized trial

E Osby, H Hagberg, S Kvaloy, L Teerenhovi, Harald Anderson, Eva Cavallin-Ståhl, H Holte, J Myhre, H Pertovaara, M Bjorkholm

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Abstract

This study was designed to test the hypothesis that administration of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF; filgrastim) during induction chemotherapy with CHOP (cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, prednisone) or CNOP (doxorubicin replaced with mitoxantrone) in elderly patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) improves time to treatment failure (TTF), complete remission (CR) rate, and overall survival (OS). Furthermore, the efficacy of CHOP versus CNOP chemotherapy was compared. A total of 455 previously untreated patients older than 60 years with stages 11 to IV aggressive NHL were included-in the analysis. Patients (median age, 71 years; range, 60-86 years) were randomized to receive CHOP (doxorubicin 50 mg/m(2)) or CNOP (mitoxantrone 10 mg/m(2)) with or without G-CSIF (5 mug/kg from day 2 until day 10-14 of each cycle every 3 weeks; 8 cycles). Forty-seven patients previously hospitalized for class I to 11 congestive heart failure were randomized to receive CNOP with or without G-CSF (not included in the CHOP versus CNOP analysis). The CR rates in the CHOP/CNOP plus G-CSF and CHOP/CNOP groups were the same, 52%, and in the CHOP with or without G-CSF and CNOP with or without G-CSF groups, 60% and 43% (P < .001), respectively. No benefit of G-CSF in terms of TTF and OS could be shown (P = .96 and P = .22, respectively), whereas CHOP was superior to CNOP (TTF/OS P < .001). The incidences of severe granulocytopenia (World Health Organization grade IV) and granulocytopenic infections were higher in patients not receiving G-CSF The cumulative proportion of patients receiving 90% or more of allocated chemotherapy was higher (P < .05) in patients receiving G-CSF. Concomitant G-CSF treatment did not improve CR rate, TTF, or OS. Patients receiving CHOP fared better than those given CNOP chemotherapy. The addition of G-CSF reduces the incidence of severe granulocytopenia and infections in elderly patients with aggressive NHL receiving CHOP or CNOP chemotherapy. (C) 2003 by The American Society of Hematology.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3840-3848
JournalBlood
Volume101
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Hematology

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