Chromium speciation in natural waters using serially connected supported liquid membranes.

N K Djane, K Ndung'u, Carin Johnsson, H Sartz, T Tornstrom, Lennart Mathiasson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A supported liquid membrane (SLM) method for the speciation of chromium has been developed. The method is based on selective extraction and enrichment of anionic Cr(VI) and cationic Cr(III) species in two serially connected SLM units. Methyltricaprylammonium chloride (Aliquat) and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid (DEHPA), respectively were used as the selective extractants in the membrane liquid. Graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS) was utilised for final determination. Optimised conditions for the DEHPA membrane were, sample solution at pH 3, acceptor solution 0.1 M HNO(3) and 10% w/w carrier in kerosene. The corresponding values for the Aliquat membrane were pH 7, 0.75 M HNO(3) and 6% w/w carrier in di-n-hexylether. This gave extraction efficiencies for Cr(III) and Cr(VI) of 90 and 40%, respectively. The method was used to measure the concentration of Cr III and Cr VI in surface water from an abandoned tannery site. Storage experiments at different pH showed that preservation at neutral pH gave almost constant values over a period of one month. At acidic pH (pH=3.0) the concentration of Cr(VI) decreased rapidly while the concentration of Cr(III) increased. The detection limit, expressed as three times the standard deviation of enriched blank samples was 0.01 mug l(-1).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1121-1132
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Bibliographical note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Analytical Chemistry (S/LTH) (011001004)

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Analytical Chemistry


  • Preconcentration
  • Chromium supported liquid membrane (SLM)
  • Speciation


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