BACKGROUND: Our aim was to investigate the prognostic potential of circulating dipeptidyl peptidase 3 (cDPP3) to predict mortality and development of organ dysfunction in a mixed intensive care unit (ICU) population, and for this reason, we analysed prospectively collected admission blood samples from adult ICU patients at four Swedish hospitals. Blood samples were stored in a biobank for later batch analysis. The association of cDPP3 levels with 30-day mortality and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores on day two was investigated before and after adjustment for the simplified acute physiology score III (SAPS-3), using multivariable (ordinal) logistic regression. The predictive power of cDPP3 was assessed using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC).

RESULTS: Of 1978 included consecutive patients in 1 year (2016), 632 fulfilled the sepsis 3-criteria, 190 were admitted after cardiac arrest, and 157 because of trauma. Admission cDPP3 was independently (of SAPS-3) associated with 30-day mortality with odds ratios of 1.45 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.28-1.64) in the entire ICU population, 1.30 (95% CI 1.08-1.57) in the sepsis subgroup and 2.28 (95% CI 1.50-3.62) in cardiac arrest. For trauma, there was no clear association. Circulating DPP3 alone was a moderate predictor of 30-day mortality with AUROCs of 0.68, 0.62, and 0.72 in the entire group, the sepsis subgroup, and the cardiac arrest subgroup, respectively. By adding cDPP3 to SAPS-3, AUROC improved for the entire group, the sepsis subgroup, and the cardiac arrest subgroup (p = 0.023).

CONCLUSION: Circulating DPP3 on admission is a SAPS-3 independent prognostic factor of day-two organ dysfunction and 30-day mortality in a mixed ICU population and needs further evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number52
JournalJournal of Intensive Care
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Aug 24

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Anesthesiology and Intensive Care


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