Climate resilient interconnected infrastructure: Co-optimization of energy systems and urban morphology

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Co-optimization of urban morphology and distributed energy systems is key to curb energy consumption and optimally exploit renewable energy in cities. Currently available optimization techniques focus on either buildings or energy systems, mostly neglecting the impact of their interactions, which limits the renewable energy integration and robustness of the energy infrastructure; particularly in extreme weather conditions. To move beyond the current state-of-the-art, this study proposes a novel methodology to optimize urban energy systems as interconnected urban infrastructures affected by urban morphology. A set of urban morphologies representing twenty distinct neighborhoods is generated based on fifteen influencing parameters. The energy performance of each urban morphology is assessed and optimized for typical and extreme warm and cold weather datasets in three time periods from 2010 to 2039, 2040 to 2069, and 2070 to 2099 for Athens, Greece. Pareto optimization is conducted to generate an optimal energy system and urban morphology. The results show that a thus optimized urban morphology can reduce the levelized cost for energy infrastructure by up to 30%. The study reveals further that the current building form and urban density of the modelled neighborhoods will lead to an increase in the energy demand by 10% and 27% respectively. Furthermore, extreme climate conditions will increase energy demand by 20%, which will lead to an increment in the levelized cost of energy infrastructure by 40%. Finally, it is shown that co-optimization of both urban morphology and energy system will guarantee climate resilience of urban energy systems with a minimum investment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116430
JournalApplied Energy
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Energy Systems

Free keywords

  • Energy systems
  • Interconnected infrastructure
  • Sustainable cities
  • Urban form
  • Urban planning


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