Colloidal Structure and Physical Properties of Gel Networks Containing Anionic Surfactant and Fatty Alcohol Mixture

Tarek Awad, Eric S. Johnson, Andrei Bureiko, Ulf Olsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

We investigated the mechanical properties, thermal behavior, physical state, and colloidal structure of a model gel network formulated with various ratios of sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide (SDS) and cetyl/stearyl fatty alcohol (FA) mixture in constant amounts of water (89%). The metastable gel, formed by slowly cooling stirred samples from temperatures above the chain melting temperature (Tm) of the long chain FA, has a lamellar structure with a periodic inter bilayer spacing of approximately 30nm. The bilayers remain homogeneous with SDS being immobilized in the FA matrix upon chain freezing. The chain length mismatch leads to an increased structural disorder among the alkyl chains upon SDS incorporation among the FA. As a result, the elastic modulus decreased with increasing SDS content. Conclusions were based on a large number of experiments involving differential scanning calorimetry, rheology, 1H NMR spectroscopy, and small angle x-ray scattering. Results from this work have uncovered the physical nature of these networks and gave insight into the role of anionic surfactants on the assembly, physical state, and mechanical properties of gel networks.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)807-815
JournalJournal of Dispersion Science and Technology
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Physical Chemistry

Keywords

  • Bilayer
  • cetyl
  • stearyl fatty alcohol
  • DSC
  • gel network
  • NMR
  • rheology
  • SDS
  • structure
  • x-ray

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