Comparative effectiveness and survival of infliximab, adalimumab, and etanercept for rheumatoid arthritis patients in the Hellenic Registry of Biologics: Low rates of remission and 5-year drug survival

Irini Flouri, Theodora E. Markatseli, Paraskevi V. Voulgari, Kyriaki A. Boki, Ioannis Papadopoulos, Loukas Settas, Dimitrios Zisopoulos, Fotini N. Skopouli, Alexios Iliopoulos, George K. Bertsias, Pierre Geborek, Alexandros A. Drosos, Dimitrios T. Boumpas, Prodromos Sidiropoulos

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Abstract

Objective: To compare effectiveness, drug survival, and safety between infliximab, adalimumab, and etanercept, in a nationwide cohort of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Methods: This study is a prospective cohort study of 1208 active RA patients. Effectiveness, drug survival, and serious adverse events during entire follow-up (median 2.9 years) were monitored. Results: EULAR and CDAI responses were comparable between the three agents (EULAR good/moderate responses at 12 months ranged 76-79%). At 12 months, 15-23% achieved remission. For adalimumab and etanercept, adjusted hazard rate (HR) for EULAR/ACR remission (reference: infliximab) was 2.7 and 2.1 (95% confidence interval was 1.7-4.1 and 1.3-3.4, respectively); males (HR 1.6; 1.1-2.4), use of glucocorticoids (HR 2.0; 13-3.0), and swollen joint count > 7 (HR 0.36; 0.24-0.55) were independent predictors. Five-year drug survival was 31%, 43%, and 49% for infliximab, adalimumab, and etanercept, respectively (p = 0.010). Infliximab was associated with significantly more withdrawals due to adverse events. Disease activity, CRP, and use of glucocorticoids predicted efficacy-related drug survival; age, use of methotrexate, and prior DMARDs failures predicted safety-related survival. Risk for serious infections was lower with adalimumab (odds ratio [OR] 0.62; 0.38-1.00) or etanercept (OR 0.39; 0.21-0.72) than infliximab, independent of the effects of age (OR 1.65; 1.37-2.00 per 10 years), tender joint count > 10 (OR 1.86; 1.21-2.86), and glucocorticoids >35 mg/week (OR 1.83; 1.12-2.99). Conclusions: Response rates were comparable among anti-TNF agents. Overall, 5-year drug survival was below 50%, with infliximab demonstrating increased safety-related discontinuations. Remission rates are low in clinical practice. Strategies to increase effectiveness and long-term survival of anti-TNF agents in RA are needed. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)447-457
JournalSeminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Rheumatology and Autoimmunity

Keywords

  • Arthritis
  • Biological therapies
  • Efficacy
  • Safety
  • Infections
  • Glucocorticoids
  • Registry

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