Comparison of turbulent drop breakup in an emulsification device and homogeneous isotropic turbulence: Insights from numerical experiments

Peyman Olad, Fredrik Innings, Marco Crialesi-Esposito, Luca Brandt, Andreas Håkansson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Turbulent emulsification is of considerable industrial interest. Nevertheless, numerical experiments (direct numerical simulations, DNS, with highly resolved interface tracking) have been mainly used to study drop breakup in idealized flows. This study, therefore, compares drop breakup in two different settings (homogenous and isotropic flow, and a simplified high-pressure homogenizer) with the intention of better understanding how insight gained from the idealized systems can be applied to industrially relevant devices. The flow differs between the two cases, with highly anisotropic and inhomogeneous turbulence in the latter. Results show similarities between the two cases regarding morphology of breakup, suggesting that the underlying mechanism, as a function of Weber number, is similar. However, differences are also observed, e.g., in terms of breakup time and deformed morphology, which are associated with the locality of the turbulence in the homogenizer. Implications for an improved understanding of turbulent breakup in industrially relevant devices are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number130569
Number of pages14
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume657
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan 20

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Food Engineering
  • Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics

Keywords

  • Direct numerical simulation
  • Emulsification
  • High-pressure homogenizer
  • Turbulence

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of turbulent drop breakup in an emulsification device and homogeneous isotropic turbulence: Insights from numerical experiments'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this