Computational investigation of the dust hole effect on the heat transfer and friction factor characteristics in a U bend channel

Lei Luo, Qiang Chen, Wei Du, Songtao Wang, Bengt Sundén, Xinghong Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, effects of a dust hole and its location on the flow structure, endwall heat transfer and friction factor in a U bend channel used for a gas turbine blade tip cooling are numerically studied. The dust hole is placed on the endwall of a U bend at different locations. The U bend channel without dust hole is considered as Baseline. The Reynolds number ranges from 50,000 to 440,000. Results of the flow structure, Nu number, friction factor, and turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) are included. The results showed that the fluid flow entering the U bend channel impinges on the endwall and forms a recirculation vortex. The interaction between the recirculation vortex and pressure gradient caused by the wall generated a rotating vortex pair. This significantly affected the heat transfer. As the dust hole is adopted at the inlet channel near the sidewall, the rotating vortex pair was forced to flow near the endwall and accordingly the shearing effect on the endwall was increased. This consequently increased the local transfer. In this case, the heat transfer was increased by 13.47% compared to the Baseline. However, because the adoption of dust hole did not affect the main stream, the pressure drop was decreased by 9.9% instead. The Reynolds analogy performance and the thermal performance indicated that the adoption of a dust hole at the inlet channel near the side wall gave the highest performance augmentation. The augmentation was 26.4% and 17.6% compared to the Baseline, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-179
Number of pages14
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul 25

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Energy Engineering

Free keywords

  • Dust hole
  • Friction factor
  • Gas turbine
  • Heat transfer
  • U bend channel


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