Konsekvenser av reumatoid artrit i tidigt skede

Translated title of the contribution: Consequences of early-stage rheumatoid arthritis

Kerstin Eberhardt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The consequences of early rheumatoid arthritis were studied in a series of patients treated at University Hospital, Lund, during the period 1985-1989. Mean disease duration at enrollment was 12 months. Most of the patients have now been followed prospectively for five years, during which time disease activity and pain have increased markedly. Ability to perform the activities of daily living (ADL) was well maintained, and the level of psychological distress fairly low. Radiographic changes in the hands and feet increased markedly, hand deformity being a common sign of severe disease; and only about ten per cent of the patients remained non-erosive. Another subgroup of ten per cent of the patients manifested rapidly progressive disease, resulting in destruction of larger joints, particularly hip joints, necessitating joint replacement in one or both hips. Eighteen per cent of the patients were in remission at 5-year follow-up. At 2-year follow-up, there was a high (37 per cent) prevalence of work disability, most patients who had had to stop work having done so in the first year. Physically demanding work and difficulties in performing ADL at presentation were the best predictors of subsequent work disability. The disease had a pronounced effect on life style, ability to cope with shopping, housework, leisure activities and social activities being adversely affected in more than half the patients.
Translated title of the contributionConsequences of early-stage rheumatoid arthritis
Original languageSwedish
Pages (from-to)218-220
JournalNordisk medicin
Volume109
Issue number8-9
Publication statusPublished - 1994

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Rheumatology and Autoimmunity

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