Consider a parametrized family of general hidden Markov models, where both the observed and unobserved components take values in a complete separable metric space. We prove that the maximum likelihood estimator (MLE) of the parameter is strongly consistent under a rather minimal set of assumptions. As special cases of our main result, we obtain consistency in a large class of nonlinear state space models, as well as general results on linear Gaussian state space models and finite state models. A novel aspect of our approach is an information-theoretic technique for proving identifiability, which does not require an explicit representation for the relative entropy rate. Our method of proof could therefore form a foundation for the investigation of MLE consistency in more general dependent and non-Markovian time series. Also of independent interest is a general concentration inequality for V-uniformly ergodic Markov chains.
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Probability Theory and Statistics
- Hidden Markov models
- maximum likelihood estimation
- V-uniform ergodicity
- concentration inequalities
- space models