Continuous-Time Models in Kernel Smoothing

Martin Sköld

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (monograph)


This thesis consists of five papers (Papers A-E) treating problems in non-parametric statistics, especially methods of kernel smoothing applied to density estimation for stochastic processes (Papers A-D) and regression analysis (Paper E). A recurrent theme is to, instead of treating highly positively correlated data as ``asymptotically independent'', take advantage of local dependence structures by using continuous-time models.

In Papers A and B we derive expressions for the asymptotic variance of the kernel density estimator of a continuous-time multivariate stationary process and relate convergence rates to the local character of the sample paths. This is in Paper B applied to automatic selection of smoothing parameter of the estimators. In Paper C we study a continuous-time version of a least-squares cross-validation approach to selecting smoothing parameter, and the impact the dependence structure of data has on the algorithm. A correction factor is introduced to improve the methods performance for dependent data. Papers D and E treats two statistical inverse problems where the interesting data are not directly observable. In Paper D we consider the problem of estimating the density of a stochastic process from noisy observations. We introduce a method of smoothing the errors and show that by a suitably chosen sampling scheme the convergence rate of independent data methods can be improved upon. Finally in Paper E we treat a problem of non-parametric regression analysis when data is sampled with a size-bias. Our method covers a wider range of practical situations than previously studied methods and by viewing the problem as a locally weighted least-squares regression problem, extensions to higher order polynomial estimators are straightforward.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Mathematical Statistics
  • [unknown], [unknown], Supervisor, External person
Award date1999 Nov 12
ISBN (Print)91-628-3812-1
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Bibliographical note

Defence details

Date: 1999-11-12
Time: 10:15
Place: Centre for Mathematical Sciences MH:B

External reviewer(s)

Name: Bosq, Denis
Title: Prof.
Affiliation: Paris VI, France.


Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Probability Theory and Statistics


  • deconvolution
  • errors-in-variables
  • continuous time
  • dependent data
  • bandwidth selection
  • asymptotic variance
  • Density estimation
  • kernel smoothing
  • size bias.
  • Mathematics
  • Matematik


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