Contractile effects of neuropeptide Y in human subcutaneous resistance arteries are mediated by Y1 receptors

Torun Nilsson, David Erlinge, Leonor Cantera, Lars Edvinsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of our study was to determine the neuropeptide Y (NPY) receptor subtype responsible for the NPY-induced contraction of human subcutaneous (s.c.) resistance arteries. To elucidate this, we used (a) in vitro studies of NPY agonists: NPY, peptide YY (PYY), and Pro34NPY induced equally strong and equipotent concentration-dependent contractions of human s.c. resistance arteries, whereas NPY13-36 and NPY18-36 had no contractile effects; (b) in vitro studies using the NPY Y1-receptor antagonist, BIBP3226, which in nanomolar concentrations inhibited the contractile effect of NPY, causing a rightward shift of the concentration-response curve. pEC50 for NPY alone, 8.41 +/- 0.21; NPY + BIBP3226, 10 nM, 7.79 +/- 0.21; NPY + BIBP3226, 100 nM, 7.18 +/- 0.18; NPY + BIBP3226, 1 microM, 6.32 +/- 0.05 (n = 5-8). Schild-plot analysis indicated competitive antagonism: pA2 = 8.53 +/- 0.22 and slope = 0.99 +/- 0.14; (c) with reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), we detected messenger RNA (mRNA) encoding the human NPY Y1 receptor and a splice variant of the receptor in human s.c. resistance arteries. On the basis of the agonists' potency order, the antagonistic effect of BIBP3226 on the NPY-induced contraction, and the presence of mRNA encoding the NPY Y1 receptor, we conclude that the NPY-induced contraction of human s.c. resistance arteries is mediated by NPY Y1 receptors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)764-768
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Volume28
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1996

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Free keywords

  • Resistance arteries
  • Neuropeptide Y
  • Human
  • BIBP3226
  • Reverse transcriptase
  • Polymerase chain reaction

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