Contrast media as markers of GFR

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Determination of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is generally considered as the most important parameter of quantifying renal function. The GFR is determined as renal or plasma clearance of an ideal filtration marker which is freely filtered by the kidney, does not undergo metabolism, tubular secretion or absorption. Markers that fulfil these demands are inulin, 51Cr-EDTA, 99mTc-DTPA, labelled or unlabelled contrast media. The renal clearance of inulin is the classic reference method for estimation of the GFR. This method is however not practical for routine clinical purposes. Radionucleids have therefore been used as alternative filtration markers since the 60s. Drawbacks related to radiation exposure especially in children and pregnant women and the safety in handling radiolabelled markers have led to an increasing interest in using non-radioactive markers. The development of simple and reliable methods to determine the concentration of contrast media in plasma and urine, such as high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and X-ray fluorescence analysis have made this possible. The non-ionic low osmolar contrast medium iohexol has become the most commonly used contrast medium for GFR measurements in Europe. However, other contrast media with similar pharmacokinetics may be equally suitable as GFR markers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-484
JournalEuropean Radiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging

Free keywords

  • Inulin: diagnostic use
  • Kidney: physiology
  • Female
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Human
  • Child
  • Chromium Radioisotopes: diagnostic use
  • Contrast Media
  • Edetic Acid: diagnostic use
  • Male
  • Models
  • Theoretical
  • Pregnancy
  • Radiopharmaceuticals: diagnostic use
  • Technetium Tc 99m Pentetate: diagnostic use


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