Controlling Filament Stability in Scaled Oxides (3 nm) for High Endurance (>106) Low Voltage ITO/HfO2 RRAMs for Future 3D Integration

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceedingpeer-review


Non-volatile resistive-random-access-memories (RRAMs), which are highly scalable, cost-efficient and fast, are needed to meet the future computational needs beyond the traditional von-Neumann architecture. Oxygen vacancy RRAMs in particular have been demonstrated to operate at nanosecond programming ranges with low voltages as well as being integrated in dense cross-point arrays [1] . ITO/HfO 2 based RRAMs have emerged as a promising material stack due to its ultra-low switching voltages, self-compliance properties and the transparency of ITO that extends the material stack’s applications into display/wearable electronics [2] . As the different RRAM technologies are reaching maturity, scaling down the oxide thicknesses is now becoming vital for compatibility with dense 3D integration as projected by the IRDS 2020 [3] . We report that, when operated at relevant current levels (sub 100 µA), the filament integrity of ITO/HfO2 RRAM with a thin high-k oxide (3 nm) can be controlled depending on the deposition conditions, where a thermal ALD (TALD) process results in a stable filament formation as compared to a plasma enhanced ALD (PEALD) process used for depositing HfO2 . Our results further indicate that the RRAM RESET is more gradual for the TALD (oxygen deficient) HfO2 as compared to the abrupt switching behavior for the PEALD (oxygen rich) HfO2 .
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2021 Device Research Conference (DRC)
PublisherIEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-6654-1240-7
ISBN (Print)978-1-6654-2958-0
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul 1
Event2021 Device Research Conference (DRC) - Santa Barbara, CA, United States
Duration: 2021 Jun 202021 Jun 23


Conference2021 Device Research Conference (DRC)
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySanta Barbara, CA

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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