Cross-Correlation of Large-Scale Parameters in Multi-Link Systems: Analysis using the Box-Cox Transformation

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Spatially distributed transmission points connected to the same source, known as distributed antenna systems, can improve system performance compared to single-link traditional systems. However, the anticipated gain depends heavily on the cross-correlation properties of the large-scale parameters (LSPs) of the different links. Usually, measured LSPs—except the large-scale fading—have non-Gaussian distributions. Therefore, in order to study their multi-link cross-correlation properties, scenario- and parameter-specific adhoc transformations are applied such that the LSPs have Gaussian distributions in the transform domain [1], [2]. In this work, we propose using the Box-Cox transformation as a general framework for homogenizing this conversion step. The Box-Cox transformation is by nature not distribution specific; therefore, it can be used regardless of the empirical distributions of the studied LSPs. We demonstrate the applicability of the proposed framework by studying multi-link fully-coherent propagation measurements of four base stations and one mobile station in a suburban microcell environment at 2.6 GHz. The inter- and intra-link crosscorrelation of four LSPs—the large-scale fading, and the delay, azimuth, and elevation spreads—are analyzed and their distributions are modeled. Based on our analysis, it is found that, for the investigated environment: 1) the LSPs of the different links can be modeled using unimodal and bimodal Gaussian distributions, and 2) the inter- and intra-link cross-correlation coefficients of the different studied LSPs can be modeled using the Truncated Gaussian distribution. The proposed models are validated using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and their parameters are provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13555-13564
JournalIEEE Access
Early online date2018 Jan 24
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Communication Systems


  • Distributed antenna systems
  • inter-link cross-correlation
  • intra-link cross-correlation
  • large-scale parameters
  • multi-link systems


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