Cross-cultural adaptation, validation and reliability of the spanish satisfaction with daily occupations-occupational balance (Sdo-ob): An evaluation tool for people with mental disorders

Laura Vidaña-Moya, Mona Eklund, Jose Antonio Merchán-Baeza, Paula Peral-Gómez, Inmaculada Zango-Martín, Jenny Hultqvist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Occupation can be defined as all activities that occupy a person’s time. The Satisfaction with Daily Occupations and Occupational Balance instrument evaluates the perceived satisfaction with performance and the balance in time dedicated to different occupations. The main aim was to translate the original instrument to Spanish and examine and establish the psychometric properties. This is a quantitative, cross-sectional study conducted in two stages: translation and cultural adaptation (forward translation, expert panel, back-translation, second expert panel and pre-testing and cognitive interviewing) and collecting data to evaluate psychometric properties (homogeneity, construct validity, known-groups validity, and floor/ceiling effects). One hundred participants took part in the study, adults with a diagnosis of a mental health disorder and adults without any known health problems. The Spanish version showed known-groups validity, acceptable internal consistency, and construct validity, although the relationships with some of the indicators of discriminant validity were somewhat higher than expected. The instrument shows promise as a useful screening tool for assessing activity level and satisfaction with daily occupations among a Spanish speaking population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8906
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume17
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
  • Occupational Therapy

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Instrument
  • Occupation
  • Occupational balance
  • Psychometric assessment
  • Reliability
  • Validation

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