Crystallization of a Zr-based metallic glass produced by laser powder bed fusion and suction casting

A. Ericsson, V. Pacheco, J. J. Marattukalam, R. M. Dalgliesh, A. R. Rennie, M. Fisk, M. Sahlberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The crystallization behaviour during low temperature annealing of samples of the Zr59.3Cu28.8Al10.4Nb1.5 (at%) bulk metallic glass produced by suction casting and the laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) process were studied with small angle neutron scattering (SANS), X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The in-situ SANS measurements during isothermal annealing reveals that the phase separation in the LPBF processed material proceeds at a smaller characteristic length-scale than the cast material. Quantitative analysis of the SANS data shows that, while the crystallization process in both materials proceed through rapid nucleation followed by diffusion limited growth, the LPBF processed material crystallizes with a smaller cluster size and at a higher rate. The smaller cluster size is attributed to the elevated oxygen content in the LPBF processed material which reduces the nucleation barrier and thus the thermal stability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120891
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov 1

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
  • Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology


  • Additive manufacturing
  • AMZ4
  • Crystallization
  • Oxygen
  • Small angle scattering


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