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The policy used to implement a control algorithm in a real-time system can significantly affect the quality of control. In this paper, we present a method to adapt the controller implementation, with the objective to improve the system’s performance under real-time faults. Our method compensates for missing state updates by adapting the controller parameters according to the number of consecutively missed deadlines. It extends the state-of-the-art by considering dynamic controllers, which have had limited coverage in previous literature. The adaptation mechanism can be precomputed offline, solely based on knowledge about the controller and not on the controlled plant. The approach is indifferent to the control design, as well as to the scheduling policy, and can be automatically realised by the operating system, thus improving the robustness of the control system to intermittent and unexpected real-time faults. We develop a stochastic performance analysis method and apply it to both a real plant and numerous simulated plants to evaluate our adaptive controller. Complementary to the stochastic analysis, we also do worst-case stability analysis of the resulting system. The results confirm the conjuncture that the adaptive controller improves both the performance and robustness in the presence of deadline misses.
|Title of host publication||2022 IEEE 28th Real-Time and Embedded Technology and Applications Symposium (RTAS)|
|Publisher||IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 May 4|
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Control Engineering
- Adaptive Control
- Real-Time Control
- Deadline Misses
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