Delayed administration of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) protects retinal ganglion cells in a pig model of acute retinal ischemia

Maria Voss Kyhn, Henry Klassen, Ulrica Englund Johansson, Karin Warfvinge, Erin Lavik, Jens F. Kiilgaard, Jan Ulrik Prause, Erik Scherfig, Michael Young, Morten la Cour

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Abstract

This study investigates whether intravitreal administration of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) enhances survival of NeuN positive retinal cells in a porcine model of retinal ischemia. 16 pigs were subjected to an ischemic insult where intraocular pressure was maintained at 5 mmHg below mean arterial blood pressure for 2 h. The mean IOP during the ischemic insult was 79.5 mmHg (s.e.m. 2.1 mmHg, n = 15). Three days after the insult the pigs received an intravitreal injection of GDNF microspheres or blank microspheres. The pigs were evaluated by way of multifocal electroretinography (mfERG), quantification of NeuN positive cells and evaluation of the degree of retinal perivasculitis and inflammation 6 weeks after the insult. In the post-injection eyes (days 14, 28 and 42), the ratios of the iN1 and the iP2 amplitudes were 0.10 (95% CI: 0.05-0.15) and 0.09 (95% CI: 0.04-0.16) in eyes treated with blank microspheres, and 0.24 (95% CI: 0.18-0.32) and 0.23 (95% CI: 0.15-0.33) in eyes treated with GDNF microspheres. These differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). The number of NeuN positive cells in the area of the visual streak area was significantly higher in eyes injected with GDNF microspheres compared to eyes injected with blank microspheres. In eyes injected with GDNF microspheres the ganglion cell count was 9.5/field (s.e.m.: 2.1, n = 8), in eyes injected with blank microspheres it was 3.5/field (s.e.m.: 1.2, n = 7). This difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). There was also a significant difference (P < 0.01) in the degree of perivasculiitis between GDNF treated eyes (median perivasculitis score 1.5) and blank treated eyes (median perivasculitis score 3.0). In conclusion, injection of GDNF microspheres 3 days after an ischemic insult results in functional and morphological rescue of NeuN positive cells in a porcine model of acute ocular ischemia. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1012-1020
JournalExperimental Eye Research
Volume89
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Ophthalmology

Keywords

  • ocular perfusion pressure
  • perfusion pressure
  • low
  • retinal ischemia
  • induced components
  • pig
  • multifocal ERG
  • neuroprotection
  • GDNF
  • glial cell line-derived neurotropic factor

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