Design and Evaluation of Three User Interfaces for Detecting Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Using Virtual Reality

Günter Alce, Philip Alm, Rikard Tyllström, Anthony Smoker, Diederick C. Niehorster

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceedingpeer-review


Regulations restrict UAVs to fly only within direct view of the pilot, limiting their ability to support critical societal functions. One potential way to move beyond this limitation is by placing a 360-degree camera on the vehicle and using its feed to provide operators with a view that is the equivalent to being on the vehicle. This necessitates a cockpit user interface (UI) that amongst other things highlights flying objects, so that collision with these can be avoided. In this paper, virtual reality (VR) was used to build a prototype of such a system and evaluate three UIs that were designed to facilitate detecting aerial. Conclusions are drawn regarding which UI features support detection performance and a positive user experience.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationVirtual Reality and Mixed Reality - 19th EuroXR International Conference, EuroXR 2022, Proceedings
EditorsGabriel Zachmann, Mariano Alcañiz Raya, Partrick Bourdot, Maud Marchal, Jeanine Stefanucci, Xubo Yang
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media B.V.
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9783031162336
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event19th EuroXR International Conference, EuroXR 2022 - Stuttgart, Germany
Duration: 2022 Sept 142022 Sept 16

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume13484 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference19th EuroXR International Conference, EuroXR 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank all participants who did the tests.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Applied Psychology
  • Human Computer Interaction
  • Aerospace Engineering

Free keywords

  • Prototyping
  • Unmanned aerial vehicle
  • Virtual reality


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