Detection of G Protein-Coupled Receptor Autoantibodies in Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome Using Standard Methodology

Juliette Hall, Kate M Bourne, Steven Vernino, Viktor Hamrefors, Isabella Kharraziha, Jan Nilsson, Robert S Sheldon, Artur Fedorowski, Satish R Raj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is a disorder of orthostatic intolerance that primarily affects women of childbearing age. The underlying pathophysiology of POTS is not fully understood, but it has been suggested that autoimmunity may play a role. The aim of this study was to compare concentrations of autoantibodies to cardiovascular G protein-coupled receptors between patients with POTS and healthy controls.

METHODS: Sera were collected from 116 patients with POTS (91% female; mean age, 29 years) and 81 healthy controls (84% female; mean age, 27 years) from Calgary, Canada, and Malmö, Sweden. Samples were evaluated for autoantibodies to 11 receptors (adrenergic, muscarinic, angiotensin II, and endothelin) using a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

RESULTS: Autoantibody concentrations against all of the receptors tested were not significantly different between controls and patients with POTS. The majority of patients with POTS (98.3%) and all controls (100%) had α1 adrenergic receptor autoantibody concentrations above the seropositive threshold provided by the manufacturer (7 units/mL). The proportion of patients with POTS versus healthy controls who fell above the diagnostic thresholds was not different for any tested autoantibodies. Receiver operating characteristic curves showed a poor ability to discriminate between patients with POTS and controls.

CONCLUSION: Patients with POTS and healthy controls do not differ in their enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay-derived autoantibody concentrations to cardiovascular G protein-coupled receptors. These findings suggest that these tests are not useful for establishing the role of autoimmunity in POTS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)613–622
Number of pages10
JournalCirculation
Volume146
Issue number8
Early online date2022 Jun 29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

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