The fetal to adult switch in hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) behavior is characterized by alterations in lineage output and entry into deep quiescence. Here we identify the emergence of megakaryocyte (Mk) biased HSCs as an event coinciding with this developmental switch. Single-cell chromatin accessibility analysis reveals a ubiquitous acquisition of Mk lineage priming signatures in HSCs during the fetal to adult transition. These molecular changes functionally coincide with an increased amplitude of early Mk differentiation events following acute inflammatory insult. Importantly, we identify LIN28B - known for its role in promoting fetal-like self-renewal, as an insulator against the establishment of a Mk biased HSC pool. LIN28B protein is developmentally silenced in the third week of life and its prolonged expression delays emergency platelet output in young adult mice. We propose that developmental regulation of Mk priming may represent a switch for HSCs to toggle between prioritizing self-renewal in the fetus and increased host protection in postnatal life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6228-6241
Number of pages27
JournalBlood Advances
Issue number24
Early online date2022 May 18
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2022 American Society of Hematology.

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Hematology


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