Diagnostic confidence with quantitative cardiovascular magnetic resonance perfusion mapping increases with increased coverage of the left ventricle

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Background: Quantitative cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) first pass perfusion maps are conventionally acquired with 3 short-axis (SAX) views (basal, mid, and apical) in every heartbeat (3SAX/1RR). Thus, a significant part of the left ventricle (LV) myocardium, including the apex, is not covered. The aims of this study were 1) to investigate if perfusion maps acquired with 3 short-axis views sampled every other RR-interval (2RR) yield comparable quantitative measures of myocardial perfusion (MP) as 1RR and 2) to assess if acquiring 3 additional perfusion views (i.e., total of 6) every other RR-interval (2RR) increases diagnostic confidence. Methods: In 287 patients with suspected ischemic heart disease stress and rest MP were performed on clinical indication on a 1.5T MR scanner. Eighty-three patients were examined by acquiring 3 short-axis perfusion maps with 1RR sampling (3SAX/1RR); for which also 2RR maps were reconstructed. Additionally, in 103 patients 3 short-axis and 3 long-axis (LAX; 2-, 3, and 4-chamber view) perfusion maps were acquired using 2RR sampling (3SAX + 3LAX/2RR) and in 101 patients 6 short-axis perfusion maps using 2RR sampling (6SAX/2RR) were acquired. The diagnostic confidence for ruling in or out stress-induced ischemia was scored according to a Likert scale (certain ischemia [2 points], probably ischemia [1 point], uncertain [0 points], probably no ischemia [1 point], certain no ischemia [2 points]). Results: There was a strong correlation (R = 0.99) between 3SAX/1RR and 3SAX/2RR for global MP (mL/min/g). The diagnostic confidence score increased significantly when the number of perfusion views was increased from 3 to 6 (1.24 ± 0.68 vs 1.54 ± 0.64, p < 0.001 with similar increase for 3SAX+3LAX/2RR (1.29 ± 0.68 vs 1.55 ± 0.65, p < 0.001) and for 6SAX/2RR (1.19 ± 0.69 vs 1.53 ± 0.63, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Quantitative perfusion mapping with 2RR sampling of data yields comparable perfusion values as 1RR sampling, allowing for the acquisition of additional views within the same perfusion scan. The diagnostic confidence for stress-induced ischemia increases when adding 3 additional views, short- or long axes, to the conventional 3 short-axis views. Thus, future development and clinical implementation of quantitative CMR perfusion should aim at increasing the LV coverage from the current standard using 3 short-axis views.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101007
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging

Free keywords

  • Cardiovascular magnetic resonance
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Diagnostic confidence
  • Myocardial perfusion
  • Quantitative first-pass perfusion


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