Differences in Health-Related Quality of Life After Gastric Bypass Surgery: a Cross-Sectional Study

Tobias Antonsson, André Wennersten, Kaisa Sörensen, Sara Regnér, Mikael Ekelund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Background: Gastric bypass (GBP) is a surgical method with good evidence of sustainable weight loss, reduced obesity-related comorbidities, and improved health-related quality of life (HRQoL). However, long-term data post-GBP is scarce on HRQoL related to other factors than weight loss, such as impact of socio-economic, age, and gender. Aim: To investigate long-term HRQoL in GBP patients. Methods: The study was conducted as a cross-sectional study covering 3 to 9 years post-GBP measuring HRQoL using RAND-36. Association to weight loss, time since surgery, gender, educational level, occupation, and age was analyzed. The participants were included on the basis that they had received a GBP that was performed by Region Skåne, the southernmost administrative healthcare region in Sweden. Recruitment to the study was by mail invitation for an online survey. Results: Of the total population of 5310 persons receiving the questionnaire, 1339 of the 1372 responders fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Those with low educational level, unemployed, persons on sick leave or disability support, and those with less weight loss reported the lowest HRQoL. The longer time since surgery, the lower the HRQoL. Conclusion: Less weight loss, longer time since GBP, lower educational level, and lower degree of employment all affect HRQoL negatively after GBP surgery. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3194–3202
Number of pages9
JournalObesity Surgery
Volume31
Issue number7
Early online date2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul 1

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Keywords

  • Bariatric surgery
  • Cross-sectional study
  • Gastric bypass
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Obesity surgery
  • RAND-36
  • SF-36

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