Direct observation of aliphatic structures in soot particles produced in low-pressure premixed ethylene flames via online Raman spectroscopy

Kim Cuong Le, Christophe Lefumeux, Per Erik Bengtsson, Thomas Pino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Raman spectra of soot particles were monitored in the gaseous flow extracted from the burning regions of two low-pressure premixed ethylene flames, for the first time. The flame conditions were chosen to explore the diversity of soot nanostructure in slightly sooting flames. Evaluation of the Raman spectral parameters revealed that the soot particles exhibited a strongly disordered structure and a large proportion of sp hybridization of the carbon. The appearance of sp carbon chains composing up to 30% of the total carbon content as well as an olefinic component may indicate their important role in soot nucleation and growth in low pressure ethylene flames. Hence, Raman spectroscopy of soot particles in the aerosol phase revealed that accretion and cyclization of the aliphatic carbon including sp carbon chains could thus be of importance for the initial soot growth and require more investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)869-876
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Volume37
Issue number1
Early online date2018 Oct 4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Energy Engineering
  • Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics

Keywords

  • Aliphatic carbon chains
  • Nanostructuration
  • PAH
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • Sooting flame

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