We developed a simple one-step dual-label immunoassay for simultaneous measurement of the free, noncomplexed form of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and total PSA. The assay is based on time-resolved fluorescence and includes a stable fluorescent chelate of Eu to label a monoclonal antibody (mAb) that detects only free PSA, whereas a second mAb labeled with a fluorescent chelate of Tb provides equimolar detection of both free PSA and PSA complexed to alpha 1-antichymotrypsin. A third mAb on a solid phase captures the free and complexed forms of PSA in an equimolar fashion. The simultaneous measurement of the free-to-total PSA ratio (F/T) with the one-step dual assay is not sensitive to variations in the sample volume. The discrimination between benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer patients, i.e., the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve, increased from 0.64 (total PSA assay) to 0.78 and 0.81 when the F/T ratio was measured with single and dual assays, respectively.
|Published - 1995
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
- prostate cancer/benign prostatic hyperplasia/timeresolved fluorescence immunoassay/monoclonal antibodies