OBJECTIVE: A low Sense of Coherence (SOC) is a concept related to a feeling of ill health. Not much is known about possible relationships between SOC and biological factors. SETTING: Population-based study of middle-aged women. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Four-hundred-and-fifty women participated as a subgroup of a larger study of cardiovascular risk factor screening. A self-administered questionnaire with 29 questions related to SOC was completed in addition to questions on social background factors and medical history. RESULTS: The mean score of SOC was 150.9 (SD 23.4). HDL cholesterol was lower (p < 0.05) and triglyceride levels higher (p < 0.05) in women with low SOC (1.5 and 2.1 mmol/L) compared to women with medium (1.8 and 1.4 mmol/L) or high SOC (1.7 and 1.5 mmol/L). In multiple regression analysis, a low HDL cholesterol level was still significantly associated with low SOC (p < 0.05) after adjustment for possible confounders. Women reporting low SOC were further characterised by a higher proportion of subjects with regular clinical visits for health care (49% vs 35% and 29%). CONCLUSIONS: Middle-aged women reporting low SOC showed lower HDL cholesterol and higher triglyceride levels, and reported more clinical visits and medical symptoms than women with higher SOC.
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
- quality of life
- Sense of factors and medical history. Coherence