Early Adolescents' Motivations to Defend Victims of Cyberbullying

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The aim of this study was to investigate how different types of motivation to defend victims of bullying would be associated with various bystander behaviors in cyberbullying situations among early adolescents in Sweden. Data were collected from 460 Swedish adolescents aged between 11 and 15 years who completed a survey in their classroom. Results showed that autonomous motivation to defend was positively associated with defender behavior and negatively associated with pro-bully and passive behavior, while extrinsic motivation was positively associated with pro-bully and passive behavior. Age was positively associated with increased passive behavior and dampened defensive behavior, while no effect of gender was found on defender behavior. Our findings suggest that students' autonomous motivation to defend victims is important in cyberbullying situations.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Applied Psychology

Free keywords

  • bystander
  • cyberbullying
  • defender
  • motivation to defend


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