Effective dose in low-dose CT compared with radiography for templating of total hip arthroplasty

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Background Recently, total hip arthroplasty (THA) has come to focus on restoration of individual anatomy including femoral neck anteversion and global offset (femoral and acetabular offset). Three-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT) data could provide a better basis for preoperative templating. The use of CT has been hampered by high radiation dose. Purpose To evaluate the effective dose used in pelvis and hip CT for THA templating. Material and Methods CT data from two clinical trials of THA were evaluated for CT scan length and volume CT dose index (CTDIvol). The effective doses from hip-knee-ankle CT and pelvis and hip radiography were compared. Conversion factors for effective dose for radiography were calculated using the PCXMC software. Results A reduced dose CT protocol for pelvis imaging gave a substantial dose reduction compared with standard CT, while maintaining sufficient image quality. Between the two clinical trials there was a significant reduction in effective CT dose corresponding to changes in the CT protocol (P < 0.01). The CT dose for the latter group was similar to, but nevertheless significantly higher than for, radiography (P < 0.01). However, in the latter group the theoretical minimum dose for CT, using the minimum scan length required by the templating software, was equal to the dose from radiography. Conclusion Although the CT dose remained higher than for radiography, potential reductions in scan length could reduce the dose further so that CT would have a comparable level of risk to radiography with the added benefit of 3D templating.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1276-1282
Number of pages7
JournalActa Radiologica
Issue number10
Early online date2017 Mar 27
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct 1

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging


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