Effects of Cooling on Ankle Muscle Strength, Electromyography, and Gait Ground Reaction Forces

Amitava Halder, Chuansi Gao, Michael Miller

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The effects of cooling on neuromuscular function and performance during gait are not fully examined. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of local cooling for 20 min in cold water at 10 C in a climate chamber also at 10 C on maximal isometric force and electromyographic (EMG) activity of the lower leg muscles. Gait ground reaction forces (GRFs) were also assessed. Sixteen healthy university students participated in the within subject design experimental study. Isometric forces of the tibialis anterior (TA) and the gastrocnemius medialis (GM) were measured using a handheld dynamometer and the EMG was recorded using surface electrodes. Ground reaction forces during gait and the required coefficient of friction (RCOF) were recorded using a force plate. There was a significantly reduced isometric maximum force in the TA muscle (
Original languageEnglish
Article number520124
JournalJournal of Sports Medicine
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Bibliographical note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Division of Physiotherapy (Closed 2012) (013042000), Ergonomics and Aerosol Technology (011025002)

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Physiotherapy

Free keywords

  • Fatigue.
  • Isometric force
  • Gait
  • Peripheral cooling


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