Effects of heat on meat proteins - Implications on structure and quality of meat products

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    Abstract

    Globular and fibrous proteins are compared with regard to structural behaviour on heating, where the former expands and the latter contracts. The meat protein composition and structure is briefly described. The behaviour of the different meat proteins on heating is discussed. Most of the sarcoplasmic proteins aggregate between 40 and 60 ° C, but for some of them the coagulation can extend up to 90 ° C. For myofibrillar proteins in solution unfolding starts at 30-32 ° C, followed by protein-protein association at 36-40 ° C and subsequent gelation at 45-50 ° C (cone. > 0.5% by weight). At temperatures between 53 and 63 ° C the collagen denaturation occurs, followed by collagen fibre shrinkage. If the collagen fibres are not stabilised by heat-resistant intermolecular bonds, it dissolves and forms gelatine on further heating. The structural changes on cooking in whole meat and comminuted meat products, and the alterations in water-holding and texture of the meat product that it leads to, are then discussed. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)493-508
    JournalMeat Science
    Volume70
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

    Subject classification (UKÄ)

    • Food Engineering

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