Effects of irrigation and water content of packings on alpha-pinene vapours biofiltration performance

MB Bagherpour, M Nikazar, U Welander, B Bonakdarpour, Mehri Sanati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (SciVal)


The main objective of this investigation is to determine the effect of different physical parameters on the performance of biofilters, treating hydrophobic compounds. In this respect, the effects of irrigation and water content of packings on the removal efficiency of bed in different pollutant loading rates, and gas phase flow rates, is studied. Alpha-pinene, which is produced from variety of industrial wood products, pulp and paper industries, and fragrance production units, has been selected as a model compound. Since the effectiveness of biofiltration depends strongly upon water solubility of compounds, in the case of alpha-pinene (2.5 ppm, at 25 °C), the process of waste gas treatment is faced with difficulties. In this paper, it is shown that performance of biofilters, treating hydrophobic contaminants, declines due to irrigation. This reduction is detected by an increase in the outlet concentration from 11% up to 22.5%. Its magnitude depends on the gas velocity inside the biofilter and outlet concentration of the bed. The result indicated that pore blocking along the bed has less effect on the performance reduction than diffusion coefficient. Also the inhibitory effects of velocity on biodegradation are considerably higher than the effects of concentration. In addition, this compost-based biofilter shows noteworthy higher elimination capacities in comparison with previous studied biofiltration systems. In this study, a maximum elimination capacity of 227 g m[-3] of packing h[-1] is achieved by 95% of removal efficiency. The maximum concentration in the inlet gas was 650 mg m[-3].
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-193
JournalBiochemical Engineering Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics


  • Biofilter
  • irrigation
  • water content
  • hydrophobic
  • waste gas treatment
  • alpha-pinene


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