Effects of prescribed antithrombotics and other cardiovascular pharmacotherapies on all-cause mortality in patients with diabetes and atrial fibrillation - a cohort study from Sweden using propensity score analyses

Per Wandell, Axel C. Carlsson, Jan Sundquist, Sven-Erik Johansson, Matteo Bottai, Kristina Sundquist

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Abstract

Aims: To study mortality rates among patients with diabetes and concomitant atrial fibrillation (AF), prescribed different cardiovascular drugs in primary health care. Methods: Study population consisted of men (n = 1319) and women (n = 1094) aged = >= 45 years from a database including 75 primary care centres in Sweden. Cox regression analysis, with hazard ratios (HRs), 95% confidence interval (95% CIs) and mortality (years to death) as outcome, and Laplace regression, with difference in time to first 10% mortality (with 95% CI), were performed. Independent variables were prescribed cardiovascular drugs. Regression models were adjusted for a propensity score calculated separately for each prescribed drug class (comprising age, cardiovascular co-morbidities, education, marital status and pharmacotherapy). Results: Overall mortality was lower in the whole sample for anticoagulants vs no treatment (HR 0.45; 95% CI 0.26-0.77); and among patients < 80 years for anticoagulants vs. antiplatelets (HR 0.44; 95% CI 0.25-0.78); while among individuals aged >= 80 years, antiplatelets (HR 0.47; 95% CI 0.26-0.87) and anticoagulants (HR 0.49; 95% CI 0.24-1.00) vs. no treatment were equally effective. Statins were associated with lower mortality among those < 80 years (HR 0.45; 95% CI 0.29-0.71). Laplace regression models in the whole sample, with years to first 10% of total mortality as outcome, were significant for: among patients < 80 years anticoagulants vs. no treatment 2.70 years (95% CI 0.04-5.37), anticoagulants vs. antiplatelets 2.31 years (95% CI 0.84-3.79), and those >= 80 antiplatelets vs. no treatment 1.78 years (95% CI 1.04-2.52). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that antiplatelets could exert a beneficial effect among those above 80 years.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2
JournalDiabetology and Metabolic Syndrome
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes

Keywords

  • Antithrombotic drugs
  • Statins
  • Pharmacotherapy
  • Mortality
  • Follow-up

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