To clarify relationships between the (endothelial vasodilatory and vasoconstrictive function) and leukocyte inflammatory mediators in subjects with asymptomatic atherosclerosis, we measured (intraplatelet cyclic 3', 5' guanosine monophosphate [cGMP] and cyclic 3', 5' adenosine monophosphate [cAMP]), plasma endothelin (ET-1), and plasma neopterin in 197 subjects with asymptomatic atherosclerosis (median age 63 years, range 49-69 years). We measured neutrophil protease 4 (NP4), tumor necrosis factor (TNFμ), soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor-1 (sTNFR-1), and neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin (NGAL) in 152 of the 197 subjects. Intraplatelet cGMP correlated inversely with plasma ET-1 (r=-0.22; p=0.01), which confirms earlier in vitro data of the inhibitory effect of ET-1 on NO production and/or the cGMP mediated inhibitory effect of NO on ET-1 production. Plasma neopterin as well as NP4 correlated directly with intraplatelet cGMP (r=0.24; p<0.01 and r=0.33; p<0.001, respectively). Intraplatelet cAMP correlated directly with plasma TNFμ (r=0.17; p<0.05) and sTNFR-1 (r=0.20; p<0.05). The relationship between leukocyte derived inflammatory mediators and intraplatelet cyclic nucleotides suggest an antiaggregating effect of leukocytes upon platelets, which may constitute a negative feedback mechanism that inhibits platelet activation during the atherosclerotic inflammatory process.
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Endocrinology and Diabetes