Using the choroid plexus from pig a method has been developed to purify the epithelial cells from the underlying vascularized connective tissue stroma. An epithelial cell fraction was obtained that showed a purity of at least 95%, as determined by light microscopic analysis. The epithelial cells were investigated for the presence of binding sites for the neurotransmitter peptide, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP). Suspensions of epithelial cells were found to have high affinity binding sites for 125I-labelled VIP, with maximum binding obtained after 30 min incubation at 20 degrees C with a concentration of 50 micrograms cell protein per sample. Competition experiments with displacement of [125I]VIP binding by increasing concentrations of unlabeled VIP indicated the presence of a single class of binding sites with a Kd of 3 nM and a binding capacity of 970 pmol/g cell protein. Cross-linking of [125I]VIP to epithelial cells with disuccinimido dithiobis (propionate) (DSP), followed by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, demonstrated binding to a single 55 kD protein. The receptor was highly specific for VIP as binding was only inhibited in the presence of high concentrations of the related peptides helodermin, growth hormone-releasing factor, secretin, and peptide histidine isoleucine. This is the first demonstration of VIP-binding to choroid plexus epithelial cells.
Bibliographical noteThe information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Drug Target Discovery (013212045), Department of Psychogeriatrics (013304000), Nuclear Physics (Faculty of Technology) (011013007)
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Choroid plexus
- Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide
- Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide receptor
- Receptor binding