ERS/EAACI statement on adherence to international adult asthma guidelines

Alexander G. Mathioudakis, Olympia Tsilochristou, Ian M. Adcock, Andras Bikov, Leif Bjermer, Enrico Clini, Breda Flood, Felix Herth, Ildiko Horvath, Omer Kalayci, Nikolaos G. Papadopoulos, Dermot Ryan, Silvia Sanchez Garcia, Jaime Correia-De-sousa, Thomy Tonia, Hillary Pinnock, Ioana Agache, Christer Janson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Guidelines aim to standardise and optimise asthma diagnosis and management. Nevertheless, adherence to guidelines is suboptimal and may vary across different healthcare professional (HCP) groups. Further to these concerns, this European Respiratory Society (ERS)/European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) statement aims to: 1) evaluate the understanding of and adherence to international asthma guidelines by HCPs of different specialties via an international online survey; and 2) assess strategies focused at improving implementation of guideline-recommended interventions, and compare process and clinical outcomes in patients managed by HCPs of different specialties via systematic reviews. The online survey identified discrepancies between HCPs of different specialties which may be due to poor dissemination or lack of knowledge of the guidelines but also a reflection of the adaptations made in different clinical settings, based on available resources. The systematic reviews demonstrated that multifaceted quality improvement initiatives addressing multiple challenges to guidelines adherence are most effective in improving guidelines adherence. Differences in outcomes between patients managed by generalists or specialists should be further evaluated. Guidelines need to consider the heterogeneity of real-life settings for asthma management and tailor their recommendations accordingly. Continuous, multifaceted quality improvement processes are required to optimise and maintain guidelines adherence. Validated referral pathways for uncontrolled asthma or uncertain diagnosis are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number210132
JournalEuropean Respiratory Review
Issue number161
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sept 1

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Respiratory Medicine and Allergy


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