Evolution of magnetic properties during tempering

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Quality control in heat treatment of steel is often conducted after the treatment. Failure to confine within the specified range of mechanical properties may lead to wasted energy and production resources. Performing quality control in-line in the heat treatment process allows for early detection and possibility to react to changes in the process. The prospects of utilizing the change in the electromagnetic (EM) properties of steel, as means for quality control, are investigated in this paper. The focus is on the tempering process of hardened SS2244 (42CrMoS4) steel. The tempering takes the hardness of the steel from approximately 600 HV down to around 400 HV. The EM signature of the steel is recorded during the tempering process. This is later compared with results from more traditional means of material characterization, such as laser scanning microscopy, X-ray diffractometry and Vickers microhardness measurement. This initial study shows clear indications of precise detection of the hardness through EM properties during the tempering process of selected material.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec 6

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
  • Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology


  • Electromagnetic properties
  • In-line measurement
  • Quality control
  • Tempering


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