Exploring occupational balance in adults in Sweden

Petra Wagman, Carita Håkansson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (SciVal)


Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between occupational balance (measured by the occupational balance questionnaire [OBQ]) and self-rated health and life satisfaction. A secondary aim was to explore differences in occupational balance among adults in Sweden. Methods: The 153 participants (63% women), recruited using convenience sampling, answered a questionnaire comprising demographic questions, the OBQ, one item about self-rated health, and one about life satisfaction. The OBQ was analysed for correlation with subjective health and life satisfaction. The OBQ and its individual items were also analysed for correlations with age and for differences between men and women and participants living with children younger than 18 years versus not. Results: The OBQ was significantly positively correlated to self-rated health and life satisfaction, supporting the relationship between occupational balance and health. No significant correlation between age and the total OBQ was identified but some differences in occupational balance, related to whether the participant was living with or without children at home, were revealed. Conclusions: The results should be interpreted with caution due to the nature of the sample and data but they can serve as a point of departure for further studies and hypotheses regarding occupational balance in different populations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-420
JournalScandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Occupational Therapy


  • Occupational Balance Questionnaire
  • health and well-being
  • demographic
  • differences
  • cross-sectional study


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