F8/F9 variants in the population-based PedNet Registry cohort compared with locus-specific genetic databases of the European Association for Haemophilia and Allied Disorders and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Hemophilia A or Hemophilia B Mutation Project.

Veerle Labarque, Maria Elisa Mancuso, Mutlu Kartal-Kaess, Rolf Ljung, Torben S Mikkelsen, Nadine G Andersson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hemophilia A and B are caused by variants in the factor (F) VIII or FIX gene. Selective reporting may influence the distribution of variants reported in genetic databases.

OBJECTIVES: To compare the spectrum of F8 and F9 variants in an international population-based pediatric cohort (PedNet Registry) with the spectrum found in the European Association for Haemophilia and Allied Disorders (EAHAD) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Hemophilia A or Hemophilia B Mutation Project (CHAMP/CHBMP) databases.

METHODS: All patients registered in the PedNet Registry on January 1, 2021 were included in this study. As comparators, data from patients with severe hemophilia included in the CHAMP/CHBMP registry (US center data) and EAHAD were used.

RESULTS: Genetic information was available for 1941 patients. Intron 22 inversion was present in 52% of patients with severe hemophilia A; frameshift (36%), missense (28%), and nonsense (20%) were the most frequent variants in patients with severe hemophilia A who were inversion-negative. The most frequent variants in severe hemophilia B were missense (48%). In nonsevere disease, most variants were missense variants (moderate hemophilia A: 91%; mild hemophilia A: 95%, moderate and mild hemophilia B: 86% each). Comparison with the databases demonstrated a higher proportion of missense variants associated with severe hemophilia B in EAHAD (68%) than in PedNet (48%) and CHBMP (46%).

CONCLUSION: The PedNet population-based cohort provides an alternative to the established databases, which collect data by selective reporting, as it is a well-maintained database covering the full spectrum of pathogenic F8 and F9 variants, and indicates the number of patients affected by each particular variant.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100036
Number of pages9
JournalResearch and practice in thrombosis and haemostasis
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan

Bibliographical note

© 2023 The Authors.

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Hematology
  • Pediatrics

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