Changes in both calcium and insulin metabolism have been described in essential hypertension. Low levels of plasma ionized calcium (Ca2+) and high levels of insulin have previously been associated with vascular complications and coronary heart disease. In the present study, indices of calcium metabolism and fasting serum insulin were related to electrocardiographic (ECG) variables in 58 patients with untreated hypertension. Fasting insulin was found to be related to heart rate (r = 0.47, P < 0.001), diastolic interval (r = -0.39, P < 0.004) and electrical axis (r = -0.29, P < 0.03) while Ca2+ was found to be correlated with the QRS amplitude (r = -0.32, P < 0.03) and diastolic interval (r = 0.37, P < 0.02). Furthermore, non-ionized serum calcium was correlated with the QRS duration (r = 0.36, P < 0.02), ST-segment interval (r = -0.49, P < 0.002) and QT interval (QoT, r = -0.42, P < 0.008). These correlations were still significant when the influences of age, sex, obesity, blood pressure and heart rate were taken into account in the multiple regression analysis. In conclusion, the present study demonstrates that calcium and insulin metabolism are related to several basic characteristic functions of the heart, such as the systolic and diastolic function, as well as to signs of left ventricular hypertrophy.
|Journal||Journal of Internal Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Anesthesiology and Intensive Care